A Guide to Growing Golden Euonymus
If you are looking for a magnificent bush to serve as a hedge on your property, look no further than golden euonymus. It is an evergreen bush that grows around six feet high and five feet wide. It has large, shiny leaves that are edged in yellow. It is the yellow that gives the plant its brilliant good looks.
You can find golden euonymus at your local nursery and it usually is in one-, three- and five-gallon containers. It grows well in the warmer climates, USDA hardiness zones of 7 to 10. The bush is not fussy about soils but does not tolerate draught well at all. If there is a long period without rain, you are going to need to water this plant. If possible, plant golden euonymus in full sun but it can tolerate partial shade as well.
Transplant your bush as soon as you bring it home. As with many other plants, you will want to dig a hole that is just as deep as the root ball on your golden euonymus but twice as wide. Position your root ball in the middle of the hole and refill fifty-percent of the soil you removed. Water the plant thoroughly. Wait for all water to drain into the soil and then replace the rest of the soil.
If it gets very hot and dry weather-wise, you will do best to water your plants and then mulch them so that they retain as much moisture as possible. Up to four inches of mulch is acceptable. Soaker hoses are one of the best ways to water golden euonymus. You have to provide your plant with at least one inch of water every week. And, while you are thinking about plenty of water for your new plant, you also need to think about fertilizing it. One of the best ways is with time-release fertilizers, such as Miracle-Gro™ and other similar brands.
You can prune these bushes back as much as you wish and golden euonymus will come back thicker than ever. Prune in such as way as to make the bottom wider than the top. That way sunlight can reach inside the plant to help it grow.
Golden euonymus is neither disease nor pest free. Among the diseases that bother the plant are powdery mildew, crown gall, cercospora leaf spot, anthracnose, and scab. All are fungi diseases except crown gall. The best way to get rid of a fungus is to prune off the diseased branches and to destroy them, either by burning or placing them in garbage bags and taking them to a landfill. A fungus can spread to the other plants, even during the next season if the diseased branches are left over the winter. There are many fungicides on the market with which you can manage all of these diseases so that your plant survives.
Crown gall is a bacterium that infects the soil and causes galls, round spots with a hard surface grown on the stems and roots of the plant. They stop the plant from getting the nutrients and water it needs to grow. Leaves start to yellow, some branches may die, and while there is no fix for the plant, it doesn’t necessarily die for several years. Prune off all gall spots that you can and destroy diseased branches. Always sterilize your pruning shears with rubbing alcohol, as this is a very contagious disease. It can live in the soil for two to three years so do not replant more golden euonymus in the same spot right away.
The biggest insect pest for this bush is euonymus scales. If you have a large infestation, the entire plant may die. The insects have a kind of armor covering, dark for the females and white for the males. They lay yellow eggs you might see on the leaves of the plant. There is a short period of time after hatching when the young do not yet have their protective covering.
If there are not too many you might be able to scrape off the insects and eggs and destroy them. You will have to prune off branches if you have a serious problem with these insects. If not caught quickly, the entire plant will most likely die. Insecticides can be used when the bugs are in the crawling stage but will be ineffective with adults because of their protective covering. Crawlers usually appear on the shrub in spring.