How To Grow White Plumeria
Being related to the oleander, the white plumeria shares the family's beauty and dangers. While the flower is flawless in appearance, it does posses a milky sap that is poisonous and can irritate the skin and eyes when touched. These stunning creations offer no nectar but rather a strong fragrance during the night to attract sphinx moths to assist with pollination. The moths transfer pollen between flowers while searching for the nectar that just isn't there.
The white plumeria is a tropical, perennial, ornamental plant that often finds itself used in Hawaiian leis. They feature bright yellow centers that are neatly surrounded by fragrant white flowers. The foliage is vibrant, green and glossy and their delicate beauty makes them a favorite for weddings.
While the white plumeria can be grown in your flower garden, they are just as happy to spend their time in a container both outdoors and indoors. When planting outside, choose a location that offers a bit of sun but provides shelter from the hot afternoon heat and rays. An ideal spot is under a large tree that will allow a bit of sun to shine through but will also provide protection.
When using a container for your white plumeria, choose a fiberglass or plastic pot with a generous amount of drainage holes. You can use concrete or terra cotta but you may not feel as comfortable moving these around and they generally do not allow for enough drainage that these flowers need. Keep in mind that these plants are actually considered small trees so pick a pot that will offer enough room for their roots to grow.
Your white plumeria requires a light, well-drained, porous soil. Create a hole that is twice the size as your root ball and place the clipping in the pot. Always make sure that you plant it at the identical depth that it was sold at. Fill the hole back up with its original soil. You don't want to press the soil too hard around the roots but you should tap it firmly into place so there are not a lot of air pockets.
Place a stake directly behind your plumeria and use twine to attach the plant to it for support. For at least a year or until the plant is established, you will need to keep the stake there. The plant takes awhile to anchor its roots and become strong enough to grow straight.
Food And Water
Right after planting your white plumeria, you need to water it well and then continue to water it twice a week, especially in the hottest part of summer. When you water, be sure to irrigate thoroughly until you see water exiting through the drainage holes of the container. Always empty the saucer that the container sits in to avoid root rot.
When the plant becomes dormant in the winter, you only need to water it about once every other week. If your home is exceptionally dry, monitor the soil and increase watering frequency as needed.
During the growing season, your white plumeria should be fed with a water soluble, high phosphate fertilizer. You will not need to feed your plant in the winter but be sure to start back up again in the spring.
- If you desire, you can prune these plants very lightly to shape.
- If you keep your plant outside and temperatures are going to drop down below 35 degrees Fahrenheit, you need to bring it inside or it will be damaged by the frost.
- These flowers have a lemon fresh fragrance so you may want to place the plant near a window with a breeze to freshen your home, of course, the plant will appreciate the fresh air too.
- Always keep an eye on your white plumeria for any signs of black tip rot. This often targets these plants in the spring and it’s easy to spot because the tips turn black. All you need to do is temporarily move the plant so it receives more sun. The fungus will then get dried out and you can move it back to a partial shade area. If the fungus attacks in the summer, use a fungicide rather than putting your plant in the hot sun.